Bacillus Subtilis is a rod-shaped, gram-positive bacterium, which forms spores. Furthermore, it is significantly more similar to Arches than is E. coli.
Purity: Free of other bacterial or fungal contaminants.
Color: Tan to brown
Importantly, it is beneficial for gut health and effective in boosting immune activity. Secondly, it also protects the body from pathogens and improves gut health.
Accordingly, B. subtilis can grow in minimal media containing; only essential salts and carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorous sources.
Additionally, it uses a range of regulatory mechanisms to control the expression of genes for both biosynthetic and degrative pathways. Subsequently, remodeling of a thick wall that surrounds the bacterial cell, is required for its growth and division.
As well as, it is an efficient tool for enzyme production. Moreover, Bacillus subtilis produces 60% of commercially available enzymes.
A part from this, it plays a major role in the production of food (fermented products, flavor enhancers, as well as sweeteners, and animal feed additives), household detergents, antibiotics, and vitamins.
Moreover, in the development of the vaccine, it serves as model organisms for the development of spermicides, chemical agents; that kill spores (see section sporulation).
PH range: 4.5 – 8.5
Temperature range: 10-45°C (optimal near 37°)
Enzymes produced: Protease(Strong), Xylanase(Strong), Amylase (Average), Pectinase(Strong), as well as Cellulase(Average), Lipase (Average), Phytase (Average), Uricase (Average), Nitrate reductase (Average), Urease (Low)
Direct-Fed Microbials, Aquaculture, Pet health/nutrition, wastewater, ponds and lake cleaning,